Policy Integrity LLC specializes in the development and evaluation of health policy. We use data, research, critical thinking, and communication to help clients make informed decisions and develop sound policy options. PI supports its clients through three essential services:
harnesses the power of numerous data sets in its work. We
Models are an essential tool in the “what-if” process. They help us see how changes in policy parameters can change results. Yet models can often be difficult to use (an undocumented multi-page spreadsheet) or “black boxes” whose secrets are known only by the initiated. PI specializes in models that are transparent and designed for non-technical users.
Policy Integrity was founded by Steven Kappel. Steve has been a leader in health policy for more than 25 years. His accomplishments include the original design of Vermont’s hospital discharge data set, design of an end-user data system based on health insurance claims, numerous publications about Vermont’s health care system, management of the Vermont Family Health Insurance Survey, frequent legislative testimony, and most recently, development of models used in the design and implementation of Catamount Health. He has worked for the Vermont Department of Health, Vermont BlueCross BlueShield, the Vermont Department of Banking, Insurance, Securities and Health Care Administration, the Vermont Program for Quality in Health Care, and the Vermont legislature’s Joint Fiscal Office.
Steve is an adjunct
instructor in health policy at the